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Rolling Stone elege os 500 melhores discos de todos os temposRolling Stone elege os 500 melhores discos de todos os tempos

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Publicado em 24/09/2020, Por Vagalume

A última vez que a edição americana da Rolling Stone havia escolhido os melhores discos de todos os tempos foi em 2003. O top 500 acabou se mostrando um reflexo da publicação fundada em 1967, com amplo destaque para os clássicos do rock, em uma lista que, ainda que no geral bem elaborada, foi criticada por se mostrar bastante conservadora. Algumas revisões foram feitas naquela relação e republicadas, inclusive no Brasil, 2012., mas só agora, em 2020, a revista reuniu novamente um grande painel para criar um "novo cânone".

E os resultados surpreenderam, com "What's Going On" de Marvin Gaye (1971) liderando o ranking e um top 10 com apenas uma presença dos Beatles ("Abbey Road" de 1969 em quinto) e Bob Dylan ("Blood On The Tracks", 1975, em nono). Para se ter uma ideia, o top 10 de 2003 tinha quatro discos dos Beatles e dois de Dylan (e o clássico do soul politizado e consciente de Marvin Gaye na sexta posição).

O fato é que, mesmo contando com boa parte dos discos tidos como "canônicos", e com o quarteto de Liverpool e Dylan como os mais lembrados, com nove e oito trabalhos respectivamente, essa lista é a primeira desse porte a reconhecer a importância, e alcance, do hip-hop, do pop contemporâneo e das mulheres no desenvolvimento da música popular nos últimos 65 anos (" In the Wee Small Hours" de Frank Sinatra de 1955 é o álbum mais velho da lista, ainda que compilações com faixas mais antigas também tenham entrado).

Assim, o que se viu foram álbuns, que já eram considerados fundamentais, ganhando um destaque inédito, e mostrando que certos artistas estão dialogando com mais força nesta segunda década do século 21 do que nunca. É o caso de "Blue" de Joni Mitchell (outro de 1971), que ficou em um surpreendente terceiro lugar (em 2003 estava em 30°), "Songs In The Key Of Life" de Stevie Wonder (quarto agora, 57° há 17 anos), "Rumours" do Fletwood Mac ( sétimo agora e 26° anteriormente) e "The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill" (1998), esse a grande surpresa do top 10, já que em 2003 ele tinha aparecido no 314° lugar.

Por outro lado, nota-se que certos nomes perderam um pouco de sua força, U2, The Police, R.E.M. e os Smiths estão ali, mas de maneira mais discreta, e outros ganharam escopo, os casos de Amy Winehouse ("Back To Black' ficou no 33° posto) e Kanye West que colocou, nada menos que seis discos na lista, mais que David Bowie e o Led Zeppelin.

O novo século também já tem seus clássicos, com mais de 100 álbuns feitos a partir do ano 2000 no top 500 - "My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy", lançado por Kanye em 2010 é o mais bem colocado, no 17° posto, enquanto quatro discos de 2019, os mais recentes lançamentos de Harry Styles, Lana Del Rey, Billie Eilish e Kid Cudi já estão "eternizados".

Obviamente que a lista não é perfeita. A representatividade fora do eixo América do Norte/Inglaterra é praticamente nula e tem-se a impressão de que é praticamente impossível se fazer um bom disco de pop ou rock depois dos 40 anos.

Para chegar ao resultado final, a revista convidou mais de 300 pessoas, incluindo membros do U2, Beyoncé, Taylor Swift, Alice Cooper, H.E.R., Kesha e Stevie Nicks, além de jornalistas e figuras da indústria.

 

Confira o top 500:

1 | Marvin Gaye | What's Going On | 1971

2 | The Beach Boys | Pet Sounds | 1966

3 | Joni Mitchell | Blue | 1971

4 | Stevie Wonder | Songs in the Key of Life | 1976

5 | The Beatles | Abbey Road | 1969

6 | Nirvana | Nevermind | 1991

7 | Fleetwood Mac | Rumours | 1977

8 | Prince and the Revolution | Purple Rain | 1984

9 | Bob Dylan | Blood on the Tracks | 1975

10 | Lauryn Hill | The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill | 1998

11 | The Beatles | Revolver | 1966

12 | Michael Jackson | Thriller | 1982

13 | Aretha Franklin | I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You | 1967

14 | The Rolling Stones | Exile on Main St. | 1972

15 | Public Enemy | It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back | 1988

16 | The Clash | London Calling | 1979

17 | Kanye West | My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy | 2010

18 | Bob Dylan | Highway 61 Revisited | 1965

19 | Kendrick Lamar | To Pimp a Butterfly | 2015

20 | Radiohead | Kid A | 2000

21 | Bruce Springsteen | Born to Run | 1975

22 | The Notorious B.I.G. | Ready to Die | 1994

23 | The Velvet Underground & Nico | The Velvet Underground & Nico | 1967

24 | The Beatles | Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band | 1967

25 | Carole King | Tapestry | 1971

26 | Patti Smith | Horses | 1975

27 | Wu-Tang Clan | Enter the Wu-Tang (36 Chambers) | 1993

28 | D'Angelo | Voodoo | 2000

29 | The Beatles | The Beatles (White Album) | 1968

30 | The Jimi Hendrix Experience | Are You Experienced? | 1967

31 | Miles Davis | Kind of Blue | 1959

32 | Beyoncé | Lemonade | 2016

33 | Amy Winehouse | Back to Black | 2006

34 | Stevie Wonder | Innervisions | 1973

35 | The Beatles | Rubber Soul | 1965

36 | Michael Jackson | Off the Wall | 1979

37 | Dr. Dre | The Chronic | 1992

38 | Bob Dylan | Blonde on Blonde | 1966

39 | Talking Heads | Remain in Light | 1980

40 | David Bowie | The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders from Mars | 1972

41 | The Rolling Stones | Let It Bleed | 1969

42 | Radiohead | OK Computer | 1997

43 | A Tribe Called Quest | The Low End Theory | 1991

44 | Nas | Illmatic | 1994

45 | Prince | Sign O' the Times | 1987

46 | Paul Simon | Graceland | 1986

47 | Ramones | Ramones | 1976

48 | Bob Marley and the Wailers | Legend | 1984

49 | OutKast | Aquemini | 1998

50 | Jay-Z | The Blueprint | 2001

51 | Chuck Berry | The Great Twenty-Eight | 1982

52 | David Bowie | Station to Station | 1976

53 | The Jimi Hendrix Experience | Electric Ladyland | 1968

54 | James Brown | Star Time | 1991

55 | Pink Floyd | The Dark Side of the Moon | 1973

56 | Liz Phair | Exile in Guyville | 1993

57 | The Band | The Band | 1969

58 | Led Zeppelin | Led Zeppelin IV | 1971

59 | Stevie Wonder | Talking Book | 1972

60 | Van Morrison | Astral Weeks | 1968

61 | Eric B. & Rakim | Paid in Full | 1987

62 | Guns N' Roses | Appetite for Destruction | 1987

63 | Steely Dan | Aja | 1977

64 | OutKast | Stankonia | 2000

65 | James Brown | Live at the Apollo | 1963

66 | John Coltrane | A Love Supreme | 1965

67 | Jay-Z | Reasonable Doubt | 1996

68 | Kate Bush | Hounds of Love | 1985

69 | Alanis Morrissette | Jagged Little Pill | 1995

70 | N.W.A | Straight Outta Compton | 1988

71 | Bob Marley & The Wailers | Exodus | 1977

72 | Neil Young | Harvest | 1972

73 | My Bloody Valentine | Loveless | 1991

74 | Kanye West | The College Dropout | 2004

75 | Aretha Franklin | Lady Soul | 1968

76 | Curtis Mayfield | Superfly | 1972

77 | The Who | Who's Next | 1971

78 | Elvis Presley | The Sun Sessions | 1976

79 | Frank Ocean | Blonde | 2016

80 | Sex Pistols | Never Mind the Bollocks - Here's the Sex Pistols | 1977

81 | Beyoncé | Beyoncé | 2013

82 | Sly and the Family Stone | There's a Riot Goin' On | 1971

83 | Dusty Springfield | Dusty in Memphis | 1969

84 | AC/DC | Back in Black | 1980

85 | John Lennon | Plastic Ono Band | 1970

86 | The Doors | The Doors | 1967

87 | Miles Davis | Bitches Brew | 1970

88 | David Bowie | Hunky Dory | 1971

89 | Erykah Badu | Baduizm | 1997

90 | Neil Young | After the Gold Rush | 1970

91 | Bruce Springsteen | Darkness on the Edge of Town | 1978

92 | The Jimi Hendrix Experience | Axis: Bold as Love | 1967

93 | Missy "Misdemeanor" Elliott | Supa Dupa Fly | 1997

94 | The Stooges | Fun House | 1970

95 | Drake | Take Care | 2011

96 | R.E.M. | Automatic for the People | 1992

97 | Metallica | Master of Puppets | 1986

98 | Lucinda Williams | Car Wheels on a Gravel Road | 1998

99 | Taylor Swift | Red | 2012

100 | The Band | Music from Big Pink | 1968

101 | Led Zeppelin | Led Zeppelin | 1969

102 | The Clash | The Clash | 1977

103 | De La Soul | 3 Feet High and Rising | 1989

104 | The Rolling Stones | Sticky Fingers | 1971

105 | The Allman Brothers Band | At Fillmore East | 1971

106 | Hole | Live Through This | 1994

107 | Television | Marquee Moon | 1977

108 | Fiona Apple | When the Pawn... | 1999

109 | Lou Reed | Transformer | 1972

110 | Joni Mitchell | Court and Spark | 1974

111 | Janet Jackson | Control | 1986

112 | Elton John | Goodbye Yellow Brick Road | 1973

113 | The Smiths | The Queen Is Dead | 1986

114 | The Strokes | Is This It | 2001

115 | Kendrick Lamar | good kid, m.A.A.d city | 2012

116 | The Cure | Disintegration | 1989

117 | Kanye West | Late Registration | 2005

118 | The Eagles | Hotel California | 1976

119 | Sly and the Family Stone | Stand! | 1969

120 | Van Morrison | Moondance | 1970

121 | Elvis Costello | This Year's Model | 1978

122 | Nine Inch Nails | The Downward Spiral | 1994

123 | Led Zeppelin | Led Zeppelin II | 1969

124 | U2 | Achtung Baby | 1991

125 | Beastie Boys | Paul's Boutique | 1989

126 | Mary J. Blige | My Life | 1994

127 | Ray Charles | Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music | 1962

128 | Queen | A Night at the Opera | 1975

129 | Pink Floyd | The Wall | 1979

130 | Prince | 1999 | 1982

131 | Portishead | Dummy | 1994

132 | Hank Williams | 40 Greatest Hits | 1978

133 | Joni Mitchell | Hejira | 1976

134 | Fugees | The Score | 1996

135 | U2 | The Joshua Tree | 1987

136 | Funkadelic | Maggot Brain | 1971

137 | Adele | 21 | 2011

138 | Madonna | The Immaculate Collection | 1990

139 | Black Sabbath | Paranoid | 1970

140 | Bob Marley and The Wailers | Catch a Fire | 1973

141 | Pixies | Doolittle | 1989

142 | Bruce Springsteen | Born in the U.S.A. | 1984

143 | The Velvet Underground | The Velvet Underground | 1969

144 | Led Zeppelin | Physical Graffiti | 1975

145 | Eminem | The Marshall Mathers LP | 2000

146 | Blondie | Parallel Lines | 1978

147 | Jeff Buckley | Grace | 1994

148 | Frank Ocean | Channel Orange | 2012

149 | John Prine | John Prine | 1971

150 | Bruce Springsteen | Nebraska | 1982

151 | George Michael | Faith | 1987

152 | The Pretenders | Pretenders | 1980

153 | PJ Harvey | Rid of Me | 1993

154 | Aretha Franklin | Amazing Grace | 1972

155 | Jay-Z | The Black Album | 2003

156 | The Replacements | Let It Be | 1984

157 | Oasis | (What's the Story) Morning Glory? | 1995

158 | Erykah Badu | Mama's Gun | 2000

159 | The Police | Synchronicity | 1983

160 | Pearl Jam | Ten | 1991

161 | Crosby, Stills & Nash | Crosby, Stills & Nash | 1969

162 | Pulp | Different Class | 1995

163 | Various Artists | Saturday Night Fever | 1977

164 | Johnny Cash | At Folsom Prison | 1968

165 | R.E.M. | Murmur | 1983

166 | Buddy Holly | 20 Golden Greats | 1978

167 | Depeche Mode | Violator | 1990

168 | Steely Dan | Can't Buy a Thrill | 1972

169 | Billy Joel | The Stranger | 1977

170 | Cream | Disraeli Gears | 1967

171 | Sonic Youth | Daydream Nation | 1988

172 | Simon and Garfunkel | Bridge Over Troubled Water | 1970

173 | Nirvana | In Utero | 1993

174 | Jimmy Cliff & Various Artists | The Harder They Come: Original Soundtrack | 1972

175 | Kendrick Lamar | DAMN. | 2017

176 | Public Enemy | Fear of a Black Planet | 1990

177 | Rod Stewart | Every Picture Tells a Story | 1971

178 | Otis Redding | Otis Blue | 1965

179 | The Notorious B.I.G. | Life After Death | 1997

180 | Love | Forever Changes | 1967

181 | Bob Dylan | Bringing It All Back Home | 1965

182 | James Taylor | Sweet Baby James | 1970

183 | D'Angelo | Brown Sugar | 1995

184 | Cyndi Lauper | She's So Unusual | 1983

185 | The Rolling Stones | Beggars Banquet | 1968

186 | Red Hot Chili Peppers | Blood Sugar Sex Magik | 1991

187 | Ice Cube | AmeriKKKa's Most Wanted | 1990

188 | T. Rex | Electric Warrior | 1971

189 | Sleater-Kinney | Dig Me Out | 1997

190 | The Who | Tommy | 1969

191 | Etta James | At Last! | 1961

192 | Beastie Boys | Licensed to Ill | 1986

193 | Creedence Clearwater Revival | Willy and the Poor Boys | 1969

194 | Michael Jackson | Bad | 1987

195 | Leonard Cohen | Songs of Leonard Cohen | 1967

196 | Robyn | Body Talk | 2010

197 | The Beatles | Meet the Beatles! | 1964

198 | The B-52's | The B-52's | 1979

199 | Pavement | Slanted and Enchanted | 1993

200 | Sade | Diamond Life | 1984

201 | A Tribe Called Quest | Midnight Marauders | 1993

202 | Björk | Homogenic | 1997

203 | Nick Drake | Pink Moon | 1972

204 | Kanye West | Graduation | 2007

205 | Cat Stevens | Tea for the Tillerman | 1970

206 | David Bowie | Low | 1977

207 | Eagles | Eagles | 1972

208 | Lil Wayne | Tha Carter III | 2008

209 | Run-DMC | Raising Hell | 1986

210 | Ray Charles | The Birth of Soul | 1991

211 | Joy Division | Unknown Pleasures | 1980 [1979]

212 | Nina Simone | Wild Is the Wind | 1966

213 | Fiona Apple | The Idler Wheel... | 2012

214 | Tom Petty | Wildflowers | 1994

215 | Grateful Dead | American Beauty | 1970

216 | Elliott Smith | Either/Or | 1997

217 | Oasis | Definitely Maybe | 1994

218 | TLC | CrazySexyCool | 1994

219 | Raekwon | Only Built 4 Cuban Linx | 1995

220 | Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young | Déjà Vu | 1970

221 | Rage Against the Machine | Rage Against the Machine | 1992

222 | Madonna | Ray of Light | 1998

223 | John Lennon | Imagine | 1971

224 | Dixie Chicks | Fly | 1999

225 | Wilco | Yankee Hotel Foxtrot | 2001

226 | Derek and the Dominos | Layla and Other Assorted Love Songs | 1970

227 | Little Richard | Here's Little Richard | 1957

228 | De La Soul | De La Soul Is Dead | 1991

229 | Patsy Cline | The Ultimate Collection | 2000

230 | Rihanna | Anti | 2016

231 | Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers | Damn the Torpedoes | 1979

232 | John Coltrane | Giant Steps | 1960

233 | Tori Amos | Little Earthquakes | 1992

234 | Black Sabbath | Master of Reality | 1971

235 | Metallica | Metallica | 1991

236 | Daft Punk | Discovery | 2001

237 | Willie Nelson | Red Headed Stranger | 1975

238 | Kraftwerk | Trans Europe Express | 1977

239 | Boogie Down Productions | Criminal Minded | 1987

240 | Sam Cooke | Live at the Harlem Square Club, 1963 | 1985

241 | Massive Attack | Blue Lines | 1991

242 | The Velvet Underground | Loaded | 1970

243 | The Zombies | Odessey and Oracle | 1968

244 | Kanye West | 808s & Heartbreak | 2008

245 | Cocteau Twins | Heaven or Las Vegas | 1990

246 | LL Cool J | Mama Said Knock You Out | 1991

247 | Sade | Love Deluxe | 1992

248 | Green Day | American Idiot | 2004

249 | Whitney Houston | Whitney Houston | 1985

250 | Buzzcocks | Singles Going Steady | 1979

251 | Elton John | Honky Château | 1972

252 | Devo | Q: Are We Not Men? A: We Are Devo! | 1978

253 | Pink Floyd | The Piper at the Gates of Dawn | 1967

254 | Herbie Hancock | Head Hunters | 1973

255 | Bob Dylan | The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan | 1963

256 | Tracy Chapman | Tracy Chapman | 1988

257 | Dolly Parton | Coat of Many Colors | 1971

258 | Joni Mitchell | The Hissing of Summer Lawns | 1975

259 | Janis Joplin | Pearl | 1971

260 | The Slits | Cut | 1979

261 | Beastie Boys | Check Your Head | 1992

262 | New Order | Power, Corruption & Lies | 1983

263 | The Beatles | A Hard Day's Night | 1964

264 | Pink Floyd | Wish You Were Here | 1975

265 | Pavement | Wowee Zowee | 1995

266 | The Beatles | Help! | 1965

267 | Minutemen | Double Nickels on the Dime | 1984

268 | Randy Newman | Sail Away | 1972

269 | Kanye West | Yeezus | 2013

270 | Kacey Musgraves | Golden Hour | 2018

271 | Mary J. Blige | What's the 411? | 1992

272 | The Velvet Underground | White Light/White Heat | 1968

273 | Gang of Four | Entertainment! | 1979

274 | The Byrds | Sweetheart of the Rodeo | 1968

275 | Curtis Mayfield | Curtis | 1970

276 | Radiohead | The Bends | 1995

277 | Alicia Keys | The Diary of Alicia Keys | 2003

278 | Led Zeppelin | Houses of the Holy | 1973

279 | Nirvana | MTV Unplugged in New York | 1994

280 | 50 Cent | Get Rich or Die Tryin' | 2002

281 | Harry Nilsson | Nilsson Schmilsson | 1971

282 | Frank Sinatra | In the Wee Small Hours | 1955

283 | Donna Summer | Bad Girls | 1975

284 | Merle Haggard | Down Every Road: 1962-1994 | 1996

285 | Big Star | 3rd/Sister Lovers | 1978

286 | Red Hot Chili Peppers | Californication | 1999

287 | The Byrds | Mr. Tambourine Man | 1965

288 | The Modern Lovers | The Modern Lovers | 1976

289 | Björk | Post | 1995

290 | OutKast | Speakerboxxx/The Love Below | 2003

291 | Destiny's Child | The Writing's on the Wall | 1999

292 | Van Halen | Van Halen | 1978

293 | The Breeders | Last Splash | 1993

294 | Weezer | Weezer (The Blue Album) | 1994

295 | Daft Punk | Random Access Memories | 2013

296 | Neil Young | Rust Never Sleeps | 1979

297 | Peter Gabriel | So | 1986

298 | Tom Petty | Full Moon Fever | 1989

299 | B.B. King | Live at the Regal | 1965

300 | Shania Twain | Come On Over | 1997

301 | New York Dolls | New York Dolls | 1973

302 | Neil Young | Tonight's the Night | 1975

303 | ABBA | The Definitive Collection | 2001

304 | Bill Withers | Just As I Am | 1971

305 | Kiss | Alive! | 1975

306 | Al Green | I'm Still in Love with You | 1972

307 | Sam Cooke | Portrait of a Legend | 2003

308 | Brian Eno | Here Come the Warm Jets | 1974

309 | Joy Division | Closer | 1980

310 | Wire | Pink Flag | 1977

311 | Neil Young | On the Beach | 1974

312 | Solange | A Seat at the Table | 2016

313 | PJ Harvey | Stories from the City, Stories from the Sea | 2000

314 | Aaliyah | One in a Million | 1996

315 | Rosalía | El Mal Querer | 2018

316 | The Who | The Who Sell Out | 1967

317 | Billie Holiday | Lady in Satin | 1958

318 | Janet Jackson | The Velvet Rope | 1997

319 | The Stone Roses | The Stone Roses | 1989

320 | X | Los Angeles | 1980

321 | Lana Del Rey | Norman Fucking Rockwell! | 2019

322 | Elvis Presley | From Elvis in Memphis | 1969

323 | The Clash | Sandinista! | 1980

324 | Coldplay | A Rush of Blood to the Head | 2002

325 | Jerry Lee Lewis | All Killer No Filler! | 1993

326 | Prince | Dirty Mind | 1980